The Carpathian Balkan
Geological Association (CBGA)
of the following information comes from
What is the CBGA?
The Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association (CBGA), according to its
Statute, is a "non-governmental, international, scientific,
non-political and non-profit making union of geoscientists working in
the Carpathian-Balkan realm" and surrounding areas. The membership of
CBGA is collective, and it is "open to geoscientists of all countries of
the Carpathian-Balkan" and
countries. Application of collective membership "should be submitted by
competent scientific bodies".
here to download
the latest CBGA Statute.
According to CBGA Statute "The aim of CBGA is to promote and encourage
joint fundamental and applied geological research,
as well as training and specialization in the Carpathian-Balkan realm".
This concerns virtually all fields of geosciences (including
geophysics), their environmental implications and other related
disciplines. In order to accomplish that aim CBGA organizes congresses
(one every four years run by one or several country members), establish
working on joint projects of specific scientific interest, stimulate and
run discussions on crucial geological issues (nomenclature, terminology,
methodology etc.), and publishes various scientific materials (congress
proceedings, maps, monographs etc.). CBGA official journals are:
The Association was initially founded
"Carpathian Geological Association (CGA)" in 1922 at the XIII Session of
the IGC in Brussels. The
of this association was the result of the personal initiatives and
efforts of R. Kettner (Czechoslovakia), J. Nowak (Poland). G. Munteanu
Murgoci (Romania) and V. Petkovic (Yugoslavia). The main purpose of CGA
was to bring closer geologists working in the Carpathian area.
The first Congress of the Association was held in Poland in 1925 and the
second and third ones in Romania and Czechoslovakia, respectively. The
successful work of the Association had been interrupted a few years
before the Second World War and an extended period of inactivity
started. The Congresses series restarted in 1958 and since then the
organization of them is uninterrupted.
After WW II, the Association, following the suggestions of Czechoslovak
and Romanian geologists expressed during the XX IGC in Mexico (1956),
extended its activities and new country members were involved.
Bulgaria. Hungary and USSR (Ukraine) joined the "Carpathian-Balkan
Geological Association" (CBGA), followed by Albania, Austria, Greece and
Congresses taken place, since CBGA establishment, are:
I Congress (Lvov, then Poland, 1925).
II Congress (Bucharest, Romania, 1927).
III Congress (Prague, then Czechoslovakia,
IV Congress (Kiev, then U.S.S.R., 1958).
V Congress (Bucharest, Romania, 1961).
VI Congress (Warsaw and Krakow, Poland, 1963).
VII Congress (Sofia, Bulgaria, 1965).
VIII Congress (Belgrade, then Yugoslavia, 1967).
IX Congress (Budapest, Hungary, 1969).
X Congress (Bratislava, then Czechoslovakia,
XI Congress (Kiev, then U.S.S.R., 1977).
XII Congress (Bucharest, Romania, 1981).
XIII Congress (Krakow, Poland, 1985).
XIV Congress (Sofia, Bulgaria, 1989).
XV Congress (Athens, Greece, 1995).
XVI Congress (Vienna, Austria, 1998).
XVII Congress (Bratislava, Slovakia, 2002).
XVIII Congress (Belgrade, Serbia, 3-6 September
here to see the report about this Congress and the updated
CBGA Statute by Hoeck and Ionescu (2006).
The directing bodies of CBGA are the Board and the Council.
The Board consists of the President, the Vice President, the Secretary
General and the Previous President of the CBGA. The Board is the
governing body of the Association between two congresses.
The Council consists of one National Representative of each member
country of CBGA who elect the President and the Secretary General. The
National Representatives are elected by the collective members of each
member country. "The Council has to supervise all activities of CBGA,
accept, postpone or reject proposals and to adopt resolutions ... The
Council meets at least once in two years ... The Council meetings are
charged by the CBGA President or the National Representative of the host
CBGA National Committees are elected by the collective members of each
member country and are responsible to keep the geoscientists of the
member country informed on CBGA activities.
Working Groups are an important element of CBGA. They are consisted of
scientists from two or more member countries who are working in common
projects of special scientific interest. The Working Groups organize
their activities and elect their respective co-ordinators by themselves.
Working groups present the result of their work during the congresses
and submit an activity report, at least once.
Activities and perspectives
Turning back and reviewing all previous congresses one can see that the
science of geology in the Carpathian-Balkan region has gained a lot. New
ideas and methods, modern trends and techniques involved, along with a
new generation of well-educated geoscientists, resulted in an
“explosive” development of it. It is expected that this promising
advance will continue.
Publications and achievements
Two groups of publications are published in the CBGA: (a) congress and
symposia proceedings, including field trip guides, and (b) results of
the collective work of Standing Commissions substituted by the recently
established Working Groups. Digital editions are also produced.
As a result of the work of the then Standing Commissions, geological
maps, explanation books, monographs, tables with comparative
nomenclature, etc. were published. For example, the Commissions for
Tectonics, Petrography, Metamorphism, Sedimentology, Geochronology,
Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology compiled and printed important
generalized maps (1:1,000,000 scale) of the region. They also published
several thematic monographs. The Geophysical Commission has also largely
contributed to the knowledge of the Earth crust and upper mantle of the
Relationship with lUGS
The Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association is
affiliated to the International Union of Geological Sciences as a
Today the CBGA is governed from Thessaloniki (Greece) by
the Board with the following members:
Prof. Georgios Christofidis,
President of the CBGA
ex officio President of the CBGA 2010 Organizing
Prof. Spyros Pavlides,
Secretary of the CBGA and
ex officio Secretary General of the CBGA 2010 Organizing
Prof. Dr. Aleksandar Grubić
President of the CBGA.